The police’s new strategy is cause for optimism. But most rich countries are still treating refugees as somebody else’s problem. South Africa’s Police Minister Bheki Cele and National Commissioner Khehla Sitole recently announced a new “high density stabilisation intervention” to tackle crime. Academics at UCT organised a multi-institutional historical and scientific study of African elephant tusks found on a 16th-century shipwreck off the coast of Namibia. Public policy represents a decision, made by a publicly elected or designated body, which is deemed to be in the public interest. First, for the police service to improve public safety most effectively, it should focus a significant amount of its resources on reducing murder. Crime researcher Eldred de Klerk concluded that poverty and poor service delivery directly impact crime levels, while disparities between rich and poor are also to blame. More importantly, it is fundamental to the aspirations of all people to live in security, peace and comfort. The second adjustment to the strategy should be a focus on domestic violence. Stop Mail And Paper Deliveries: If you go on vacation, stop deliveries or have one of your neighbors collect your mail and papers. To significantly reduce violence and harm in South Africa, the police should expand the strategy in three ways: (1) focus on murder hot spots, (2) tackle domestic violence effectively, and (3) implement targeted and evidence-based interventions. Murder is the most reliable crime statistic and the best proxy for violence more broadly. A 2016 analysis of murder dockets found that in up to 48% of murders, the victim or perpetrator was intoxicated. Research Associate at UCT's Centre of Criminology, Institute for Security Studies Consultant, and Independent Researcher/Criminologist, University of Cape Town. “high density stabilisation intervention”, Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License, ‘Graduation would have meant a mission accomplished’, UCT VC among Times Higher Education’s 10 People of the Year, UCT spin-off receives millions in European funding, UCT PhD candidates recognised for research excellence, From Ugandan child soldier to PhD graduate, COVID-19 dashboard measures resurgence risk. What’s more, by focusing on murder, police will almost certainly reduce other violent crime in the same targeted areas, significantly reducing overall harm. We all have a responsibility to make South Africa safer for our children and every law-abiding citizen. The recent crime statistics make for grim reading with regards to public safety in South Africa. Please view the republishing articles page for more information. The increase in murder over the past four years is clear evidence of this. 1. Sexual violence is the use of force or manipulation to get someone to engage in unwanted sexual activity without their consent. South African police can and must be part of this, and wherever possible, should do so in parallel with complimentary interventions by other government departments, business and civil society stakeholders. Body donor programme fit and well despite COVID-19. But hundreds if not thousands of people call on the country’s police service for such intervention each month, giving the government important opportunities to signal to the public that violence is not tolerated and victims will be supported. Within these precincts it’s almost certain that violence and murder are clustered in hot spots known to local police. If focused police and socio-economic interventions could halve weekend murders in these areas, the national murder count could be reduced by as much as 15% in just a few years and by far more in a decade. The idea that general “visible policing” will make South Africa safe is appealing but not supported by evidence. It includes the deployment of desk-based police officials to the streets, particularly in “identified hotspots”, while dedicated detectives track and arrest suspects wanted for both organised and repeat violent crimes. Murder and associated types of violence affect far more people, and cause far more harm than car hijackings, house robberies or cash-in-transit heists. The strategy focuses on cash-in-transit heists, car hijackings, murder, house robberies, and gang and taxi violence. Corruption, generally defined as the ‘abuse of public office for private gain’, is becoming so widespread in South Africa, that unless it is decisively tackled, there is a real danger that it will become entrenched as a “normal” aspect of life in our country. To do so, police must appreciate the link between domestic violence and societal violence. Policy states the intentions of an institution, and is used to guide its decisions Dedicated police officials should promptly investigate domestic violence reports, especially in murder hot spots, and work with social workers to fast-track interventions, mediations and, if necessary, prosecutions. Murder is the most reliable crime statistic and the best proxy for violence more broadly. Murder and violence are also often linked to alcohol. Rather, policing is most effective when directed at specific places (hotspots), people (gang members, for example), and crimes (cash in transit heists, street robbery, murder). Analysis reveals ivory origins on 16th-century shipwreck. Its focus on organised and violent crime is rational and necessary but should be fine tuned and expanded. This is true of both police patrols and investigations. But hundreds if not thousands of people call on the country’s police service for such intervention each month, giving the government important opportunities to signal to the public that violence is not tolerated and victims will be supported. But, more than 90% of violent crimes recorded each year fall outside the categories named in the strategy. But there are many ways to take back control and prevent crime in your community. By embedding this news article on your site you are agreeing to the University of Cape Town's terms of use. The idea that general “visible policing” will make South Africa safe is appealing but not supported by evidence. "Criminals come from the communities we live in and are ultimately someone's brother, sister or friend. Similarly, in 2016 half of murders nationwide occurred on Saturday and Sunday, with 70% taking place between 6pm and 8am. University of Cape Town provides funding as a partner of The Conversation AFRICA. However, this year saw an unprecedented growth in the global trend, with a 36% period-on-period increase since 2016.” Economic crime in South Africa … South Africa is a country notorious for high levels of crime. In 2017 the SAPS reported that most murders (66%) in the Western Cape province occurred from Friday to Sunday, with 56% occurring between 6pm and 3am. Rather, targeted medium and long-term interventions are key. Murder is the most reliable crime statistic and the best proxy for violence more broadly. But, more than 90% of violent crimes recorded each year fall outside the categories named in the strategy. According to the World Health Organisation, witnessing violence in childhood makes one 3.8 times more likely to be a victim of domestic violence later in life, while living in a high crime neighbourhood makes one 5.6 times more likely of the same. The World Health Organisation and numerous violence experts believe the global murder rate can be halved in 30 years in part by adopting just these kinds of targeted interventions. It also provided a platform for open discussion on the challenges faced by each social partner in the creation of jobs. Investment and growth require a safe, stable and crime-free environment. Our experts offer these solutions to ... crime is high and violence is a culture in South Africa. It’s, therefore, promising that the new police strategy focuses on crime hot spots and crime types amenable to police intervention, such as aggravated robbery perpetrated by organised groups. the University of Cape Town's terms of use. Where murder is common, so is other violence. For example, in 2015/16, 78% of murders occurred in just four provinces - KwaZulu-Natal, Gauteng, Eastern Cape and Western Cape. Murder and associated types of violence affect far more people, and cause far more harm than car hijackings, house robberies or cash-in-transit heists. The police’s new strategy is cause for optimism. Crime Prevention Links. Once it becomes normalised within our society, it will be almost impossible to uproot.In many new democracies, corruption becomes “normal”, “acceptable” and part of the fabric of life. Copyright © 2010–2020, The Conversation US, Inc. Police officials console family members of slain officers at a police National Day of Commemoration ceremony. South Africa’s Police Minister Bheki Cele and National Commissioner Khehla Sitole recently announced a new “high density stabilisation intervention” to tackle crime. If we want solutions … Local and reliable products and services. Rigorous COVID-19 health and safety protocols have enabled UCT’s Faculty of Health Sciences to maintain its body donor programme, essential to teaching anatomy to students and surgical registrars. Crime remains a serious problem in South Africa and therefore a priority for government. Statistics confirm that crime affects mainly poorer South Africans. The third adjustment pertains to visible policing. If focused police and socio-economic interventions could halve weekend murders in these areas, the national murder count could be reduced by as much as 15% in just a few years and by far more in a decade. In the most recent crime statistics, 2% of police stations recorded 20% of all murders in the country, and 13% recorded 50% of murders. Corruption is institutionalised. The crime rate is … Within these precincts it’s almost certain that violence and murder are clustered in hot spots known to local police. This is true of both police patrols and investigations. The third adjustment pertains to visible policing. It occurs behind walls and closed doors, and often requires vulnerable victims to risk additional abuse by seeking police help. New research Our recent Corruption in Uniform report , released in mid-June, paints a grim picture of corruption within the South African … These should be planned and guided by best practice and crime data, and be implemented in a manner that allows rapid adaption and learning based on contextual dynamics. In South Africa, police corruption leaves the public exposed to high rates of crime, and causes distrust of the police service while allowing crime to flourish. In two decades the anonymity of not even one informer has been compromised. In the most recent crime statistics, 2% of police stations recorded 20% of all murders in the country, and 13% recorded 50% of murders. Call your local Boys and Girls Club and ask if they need volunteers, or reach out to a local non-profit and cut them a check. The second adjustment to the strategy should be a focus on domestic violence. Africa Renewal (2010), For African business, ending corruption is ‘priority number one’, published by United Nations Africa Renewal, New York, NY 10017 USA ; Claire, F. (2010), Corruption in Africa: A Crime against Development, retrieved January 24, 2015. In 2017 the SAPS reported that most murders (66%) in the Western Cape province occurred from Friday to Sunday, with 56% occurring between 6pm and 3am. Cape Bio Pharms, a UCT spin-off company, has received millions in European funding to accelerate the production of affordable plant-based rapid diagnostic COVID-19 test kits. It has already resulted in key arrests, and should thus be celebrated. Rather, policing is most effective when directed at specific places (hotspots), people (gang members, for example), and crimes (cash in transit heists, street robbery, murder). A 2016 analysis of murder dockets found that in up to 48% of murders, the victim or perpetrator was intoxicated. To significantly reduce violence and harm in South Africa, the police should expand the strategy in three ways: (1) focus on murder hot spots, (2) tackle domestic violence effectively, and (3) implement targeted and evidence-based interventions. METHODOLOGY 21 5.1 A Comprehensive Review of Literature and Policies 21 5.2 An Analysis of the Legislative Framework 21 5.3 … PICTURE: THULANI MBELE The recent crime statistics make for grim reading with regards to public safety in South Africa. Yet most South Africans do not believe that solving crime rests exclusively with the criminal justice system. South Africa's trusted tip-off service since 1992. The ILO is providing technical assistance to build the capacities of Child Labour Units (CLUs) and National Steering Committees (NSC) of African countries to strengthen their implementation of National Action Plans to promote education and fight Child Labour in the region. Although most violence is perpetrated by men against men, addressing violence in the home (and in schools), particularly against women and children, is key to breaking its cycle. Targeting these could significantly reduce murder and other violence. Based on this information, one can estimate that around a third of all murders in South Africa occur over weekends, in predictable hotspots, in roughly 100 police precincts, in four provinces. These should be planned and guided by best practice and crime data, and be implemented in a manner that allows rapid adaption and learning based on contextual dynamics. All the main parties agree it is a problem. The strategy focuses on cash-in-transit heists, car hijackings, murder, house robberies, and gang and taxi violence. They must also respond rapidly to any breaches in negotiated agreements or court orders by abusers. Pretoria -Strategies to deal with crime must come from the people, believes Gauteng's new Police Commissioner Lieutenant General Mzwandile Petros. South African police can and must be part of this, and wherever possible, should do so in parallel with complimentary interventions by other government departments, business and civil society stakeholders. The best way to reduce crime is to prevent it. Murder and associated types of violence affect far more people, and cause far more harm than car hijackings, house robberies or cash-in-transit heists. The world’s system for protecting refugees is broken. A sig… Worldwide, 19.5 million people have been forced to seek sanctuary abroad. “The community is aware of TB, but they lack knowledge on how to protect themselves from getting it, spreading it and managing their treatment,” says Ruth Mufalali, South African Red Cross Society TB project manager. Murder and violence are also often linked to alcohol. However, it is … Andrew Faull, Research Associate, University of Cape Town. Install An Alarm System: Houses with alarms are avoided by burglars. There have been successes in a few countries thus far, and this initiative can help governments “get back on their feet” so that they can focus on developing for the future instead of trying to pay back what was spent in the past. It is important that the police not try to increase visible police in general, or to target general crime equally, everywhere. Write an article and join a growing community of more than 118,600 academics and researchers from 3,811 institutions. Similarly, in 2016 half of murders nationwide occurred on Saturday and Sunday, with 70% taking place between 6pm and 8am. This would reduce the South African crime rate. “high density stabilisation intervention”. Governments have a duty to help them. Nor is there significant evidence that policing alone effectively reduces domestic violence. It occurs behind walls and closed doors, and often requires vulnerable victims to risk additional abuse by seeking police help. They must also respond rapidly to any breaches in negotiated agreements or court orders by abusers. Based on this information, one can estimate that around a third of all murders in South Africa occur over weekends, in predictable hotspots, in roughly 100 police precincts, in four provinces. Participating police must work within the rule of law and treat all those they encounter, including suspects, fairly. Although most violence is perpetrated by men against men, addressing violence in the home (and in schools), particularly against women and children, is key to breaking its cycle. Solution to South Africa’s Street Violence In order to keep private security companies accountable in the neighborhoods in which they operate, a possible solution could be to have the private security firms owned by South African citizens. The solution to our high, and increasing, levels of violence does not lie in the hands of the police alone. The governing ANC - in power since 1994 - is frank about the situation. If found guilty, they can incur a fine or a prison sentence. We don’t do that in the world we live in now. It just takes communication, commitment… It’s, therefore, promising that the new police strategy focuses on crime hot spots and crime types amenable to police intervention, such as aggravated robbery perpetrated by organised groups. Instead, murder has increased by 22% since 2012. The strategy comes on the back of a multi-year rise in aggravated robbery, and a recent spike in robberies targeting cash-carrying armoured vans. Recently, The Washington Post’s Wonkblog published a list of research-backed strategies to combat crime.We at the Urban Institute’s Justice Policy Center propose five additional evidence-based strategies based on our own research:. Giving the youth in your area more things to do is a great way to help them stay on the right track. We used to keep our porch lights on and open the door when the doorbell rang, even if we didn’t know who was there. Dedicated police officials should promptly investigate domestic violence reports, especially in murder hot spots, and work with social workers to fast-track interventions, mediations and, if necessary, prosecutions. Many murders are also committed during predictable time periods, specifically over weekends. Policing domestic violence is not easy. 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